REGULAR VERBS - FORMATION
It depends on the conjugation. Let's have a look step by step:
1. “-ar, -er, -ir” is dropped and the following endings must be added. This process is similar with all regular verbs.
A) First conjugation "-ar": aba, abas, aba, ábamos, abais, aban.
El / Ella caminaba
Nosotros / as caminábamos
Vosotros / as caminabais
Ellos / as caminaban
B) Second conjugation "-er" and third conjugation "-ir" share similar endings: ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían.
|Beber (drink)||Discutir (Argue)|
El / Ella bebía
Nosotros /as bebíamos
Vosotros / as bebíais
Ellos /as bebían
El / Ella discutía
Nosotros / as discutíamos
Vosotros /as discutíais
Ellos /as discutían
IRREGULAR VERBS - FORMATION
Let's conjugate the irregular verbs "ser, ir and ver" in Spanish:
|SER (be)||IR (go)||VER (see)|
El / ella era
Nosotros / as éramos
Vosotros /as erais
Ellos / as eran
El / Ella iba
Nosotros / as íbamos
Vosotros /as íbais
Ellos /as iban
El / Ella veía
Nosotros / as veíamos
Vosotros /as veíais
Ellos / as veían
"Imperfect Indicative" is one of the Spanish past tenses. It refers to action in the past. This action was continuous but its completion is not indicated. Examples:
Mi padre trabajaba en Madrid
Pay attention to this comparison with the English language:
1. In English, two actions happening at the same time in the past are usually expressed by means of "past continuous". These two actions are expressed by means of "imperfect indicative" in Spanish. For example:
While my mum was cooking I was listening to music (Mientras mi madre cocinaba yo escuchaba música)
2. In English, an action which was going on in the past when another action took place is expressed in this way:
When I was watching TV somebody knocked the door.
In Spanish, the action going on is expressed with "imperfect indicative" and the next one in preterit. Pay attention to the translation of the sentence above:
Cuando yo veía la televisión alguien tocó la puerta.
3. Habitual actions in the past are also expressed using "imperfect indicative" as well. For example:
Cuando estabamos en Málaga, íbamos a la playa todos los días. (When we were in Malaga, we went to the beach everyday).